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(Syrian Arab Republic)
Capital: Damascus (Dimash)
Flag: national flag represents horizontal three-colored red, white and black strips; in a white central strip two green five-pointed stars are located.
Anthem: An Nasheed as-Suri (The Syrian national anthem) begins "Defenders of the nation, the world to you".
MONETARY BLOCK: The Syrian pound (pound sterling) is paper currency of 100 piastres. There are coins from 25 and 50 piastres and 1 Syrian pound and notes of 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 500 Syrian pounds. sP 1 = $0,02062 (or $1 = sP 48,5) as of 2004.
WEIGHT AND MEASURES: the metric system is the legal standard, but local units are widely used.
HOLIDAYS: New year, on January 1; Day of revolution, on March 8; Day of revolution in Egypt, on July 23; Day of the Union of the Arab republics, on September 1; National day, on November 16. Muslim religious holidays include "Ides al-Fitr", "Eid al-Adha", Milad a-Nabi and Leylat al-Miray. Christian religious holidays include Easter (Catholic); Easter (orthodox); and Christmas, on December 25.
TIME: 14:00 - midday.
ARRANGEMENT, SIZE AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Located in southwest Asia in east part of the Mediterranean Sea, Syria has the area of 185 180 sq.km (71 498 quarter. Miles). Rather, the space occupied by Syria is a little more, than in the State of North Dakota. This sum includes the region of the Golan heights (1,176 sq.km / 454 quarter. Miles) which was taken by Israel in 1967 and is annexed on December 14, 1981; annexation was condemned by Syria and unanimously condemned by the Security council of the United Nations. Syria stretches for 793 km (493 miles) ene-wsw and 431 km (268 miles) with-nnv. It is limited in Turkey to Turkey, differently Iraq, on Jordan, on Israel and also to Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea with overland border 2 253 km long (1400 km) of mi) and the coastline of 193 km (120 miles).
There are five main geographical zones: the narrow coastal plain along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea; mountain and mountain regions, including Mountains Ansariya ("Alawites") in the northwest, parallel to the coast, east slopes of the Anti-Lebanon mountains and Dzhabal-ad-Duruz in the southeast; the cultivated area to the east from ansariysky and Anti-Lebanon ridges which is the widest in the north, faltering between Himsh and Damascus; the steppe and desert areas crossed by the Euphrates River (Al-Furat); and Dzhazir in the northeast, the steppe country with low hilly hills.
The Anti-Lebanon mountains stretching for the South along the Lebanese border serve as a reservoir for rainfall of the central Syria. To the north from this area, Mount Ansariya which reach heights more than 1500 m (5000 feet), an inclination to the West to the Mediterranean Sea. The river Oront (Asya) irrigates areas on East side of Ansariysky mountains.
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