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(Kyrgyz Republic or Kigristan)
Flag: The red field with the yellow sun in the center; in the center of the Sun there is a red ring crossed by two sets of three lines, the stylized image of an air vent in the Kyrgyz yurta.
ANTHEM: National anthem of Kyrgyzstan.
MONETARY GROUP: The som was created in May, 1993; som1 = $0,02492 (or $1 = som40.13) as of 2005.
WEIGHT AND MEASURES: The metric system works.
HOLIDAYS: Constitution day, on May 5; Independence Day, on August 31; National day, on December 2.
TIME: 17:00 - 12:00.
ARRANGEMENT, SIZE AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Kyrgyzstan is located in the southern Asia, between China and Kazakhstan. Rather it is a little less, than in the State of South Dakota, total area is 198 500 sq.km (76 641 quarter. Miles). Kyrgyzstan divides borders with Kazakhstan in Russia, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan into w. length of border of the country is 3,878 km (2,410 miles), and its capital, Bishkek, is located in a northern central part of the country.
In topography of Kyrgyzstan tops of Tien Shan which rise to more than 7000 m (23 000 feet) and also the connected valleys and pools which cover all people are presented. About 90% of the territory of Kyrgyzstan have height more than 1500 m (4 900 feet). A little more than 5% of the territory of Kyrgyzstan are under irrigation.
The seismic activity proceeds along Tien Shan as these mountains continue to grow. In the region destructive earthquakes result frequent and sometimes. They also call massive landslides and avalanches which were known for destruction of villages. In August, 1992 near Dzhala-Abad there was an earthquake measuring 7,3 points therefore 75 people died and several thousands of the homeless were left.
Climate of the country континентален to polar in Mountains Tien Shan. In the Fergana Valley average temperature in July is 27 °C (81 °F). In January the coldest temperatures are in mountain valleys with the registered minima it is below -30 °C (-22 °F). climate moderate in foothill regions of the North.
FLORA AND FAUNA
Flora and fauna of the country is similar to Tajikistan. in valleys there are several types of wild flowers. A yak, mountain goats and snow leopards it is possible to meet in mountains. the country claims that it has the biggest in the world the natural nut wood. Every year across the country there pass numerous packs of the migrating birds. As of 2002 there were not less than 83 species of mammals, 168 bird species and more than 4500 species of plants through the whole country.
Among the most significant environmental problems of Kyrgyzstan there is a pollution of water and salinization of soils as a result of the wrong methods of irrigation. Pollution of water in the country calls problems with health 25% of his people, many of which direct water directly from the polluted wells and streams.
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