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(Kingdom of Tonga)
Capitals: Nukualofa, Tongatapu
Flag: The flag accepted in 1862 crimson with the cross of the same color established on a white square in the top left corner.
Anthem: Koe Fasi Oe Tu'i Oe Otu Tonga (the national anthem Tonga) begins "E" Otua Mafimafi Ko homau "Eiki Koe" ("About the Almighty God above, You are our Lord and correct protection").
MONETARY BLOCK: Tongan pa'anga ($ t) from 100 senit is paper currency by analogy with Australian dollar. There are coins from 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 senit and 1 and 2 Tongan paangas and a note, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 patanga. t of $1 = us of $0.50720 (or us of $1 = t of $1.9716).
WEIGHT AND MEASURES: the metric system is the legal standard, but also some are used imperial and local the weight and a measure.
HOLIDAYS: New year, on January 1; Put ANZAK, on April 25; The Birthday of the crowned prince, on May 4; Independence Day, on June 4; Birthday of the king, on July 4; Constitution day, on November 4; Tupou I Day, on December 4; Christmas, on December 25-26. Moveable religious feasts include Good Friday and Easter Monday.
TIME: 1 hour. (Next day) = midday of GMT.
ARRANGEMENT, SIZE AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
The Tongsky archipelago also known as "Friendly islands", is located in the east of Fiji in the southern part of the Pacific Ocean. Nukualofa, the capital, makes about 690 km (430 miles) from Suva, Fiji and about 1770 km (1100 miles) from Auckland, New Zealand. Total area Tonga consists of 171 islands of the different size from which only 45 are inhabited, is 748 sq.km (289 quarter. Miles), including internal waters and also TV sets of Tokelau and TV sets Tonga (earlier Minerva's Reeves). Rather, the space occupied by Tonga is a little more, than four times more, than in Washington, the District of Columbia. It stretches for 631 km (392 miles) of NUS and for 209 km (130 miles). The main islands are Tongatapu and Eua, Haapai, Vavau, Niuatoputapu and Tafakhi and Niafou. The general coastline of Tonga makes about 419 km (260 miles).
The capital of the city of Nukualofa is to Tongatapu.
Islands run approximately from the North on the South in two parallel chains; the western islands are volcanic, and east - the coral, surrounded reeves. At a depth of 10 800 m (35 400 feet) Tonga trench is one of the lowest parts of an ocean floor. The soil on low coral islands is porous, being a small layer of the red volcanic ash deprived of quartz, but containing the broken limestone particles.
Volcanic islands are located at the height up to 1,033 m (3,389 feet) on Kao. Fonuafo'ou (before Falcon Island), approximately in 65 km to the northwest from Nukualofa, is famous for the periodic immersions and repeated belts as a result of earthquakes and volcanic actions. There are several lakes or streams. Tofua, Vavau, Nomuki and Niuafou have a lake, and on "Eua" and one stream on Niaotoputapa there are streams.
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