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(Overseas territory of Great Britain)
Population: 32 194 people (2015)
Area: 6,7 sq.km.
Population: 32 194 persons.
Telephone code: 350
Currency: Gibraltar pound equal to Pound of strerling
Arrangement: Strait of Gibraltar, Islands
ABOUT THE PASSAGE
In 1704 the Anglo-Dutch troops took Gibraltar from Spain during war for the Spanish inheritance from a requirement name Gabsburgov on the Spanish throne. The territory was passed Great Britain to unlimited term according to the Utrecht contract in 1713. During World War II it was important base for the Royal fleet as it controlled an entrance and an entry in the Mediterranean Sea which makes only 8 miles (13 km) wide in this sea "throttle". It remains strategically important, at the same time a half of sea trade in the world passes through the passage. Today the economy of Gibraltar is based generally on tourism, online gambles, yachting, financial services and refuellings of cargo ships.
The area of Gibraltar is 6,7 square kilometers (2,6 quarter. Miles) also has border with Spain on 1,2 km (0,75 miles). The city of La-Linea-de-la-Concepcion, municipality of the province Cadiz, is on the Spanish side of the border. The Spanish remote places form Kampo-de-Gibraltar komarka (literally "the Village of Gibraltar"). The coastline has length of 12 kilometers (7,5 miles). There are two coast ("Parties") of Gibraltar: East side in which are located the settlement of Sandi-Bey and the Catalan gulf; and Vestsayde where the vast majority of the population lives. Gibraltar has no administrative divisions, but is divided into seven large residential areas.
Gibraltar has the Mediterranean climate (climatic classification of Koppen Csa), with soft, rainy winter and in the warm dry summer. As well as in a case with nearby Algeciras and Tarifoy, the summer is considerable more cool, and annual temperature is more constant, than in other cities on the southern coast of the Iberian peninsula, because of its situation on the Strait of Gibraltar. The rain meets generally in the winter, in the summer usually dry. Its average annual temperature is about 22 °C (72 °F) as a day maximum and 15 °C (59 °F) as a night minimum. In the coldest month, January, average temperature averages 16,3 °C (61,3 °F), and the day minimum makes 11 °C (52 °F), and the average temperature of the sea is 16 °C (61 °F). In the warmest month, August, daytime high temperature makes 25 °C (77 °F), the night minimum makes 20 °C (68 °F), and the average temperature of the sea is 22 °C (72 °F).
The culture of Gibraltar reflects various origin Gibraltartsev. Though there are Spaniards (generally from nearby Andalusia) and the British influences, ethnic origin of the majority of gibraltarets isn't limited to these ethnic groups. Other ethnic groups include genoeses, Maltese, Portuguese and Germans.
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