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Currency: Burmese кять (MMK)
Population: 51,9 million people
GDP (PPS): 335 bln. dollars of the USA (2017)
Area: 676 578 sq.km.
IRCHP: 145 (2015)
ABOUT THE COUNTRY
Myanmar which is also called by Burma, the country located in the western part of continental Southeast Asia. In 1989 the official English name of the country which it carried out since 1885 was changed from the Burmese union in the Union of Myanmar; in Burmese since the 13th century the country is known as Myanmar (or, more precisely, Mranma Pras). The English name of the city which served as the capital of the country from 1948 to 2006, Rangoon was also dropped in 1989 in favor of the general Burmese name Yangon. In 2005 the government began to shift the administrative center, at first to the city of Pinmana (approximately in 200 miles or 320 km to the north from Yangon), and then to Nye-Pius-Tau (Naypyidaw), recently built city near Pingmang. Nay Pyi Taw was announced by the capital of Myanmar in 2006.
Stretching from width from 10 °C. highway. To 28 ° 30 'NL, Myanmar is the most northern country of Southeast Asia; it has the kayt form with a long tail which runs on the South along the Malayan peninsula. The country borders on China in the North and the northeast, Laos in the east, Thailand in the southeast, the Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal in the South and the southwest, Bangladesh in the West and India on the northwest. Its total length from the North on the South is about 1275 miles (2050 km), and its width in the widest part, through the center of the country at the latitude of the city of Mandalay, is about 580 miles (930 km) from the East to the West. Myanmar inclines from the North on the South, from height of 19 296 feet (5881 meters) on the Mount Hkakabo (the highest top of the country) on Far North to sea level at the deltoid Irrawaddy Rivers (Ayavardadi) and Sittoung. Ridges usually pass from the North on the South. The country in general it is possible to divide into five physiographic regions - northern mountains, the western ridges, east plateau, the central basin and the lowland and coastal plains.
In Myanmar three seasons: cool, rather dry northeast monsoon (since the end of October on the middle of February), a hot, dry mezhmozonny season (from the middle of February to the middle of May) and a rainy southwest monsoon (from the middle of May until the end of October), Coastal areas and the western and southeast ranges annually receive rainfall more than 500 cm (5000 mm), and deltoid areas - about 100 inches (2500 mm). The central region is not only far from the sea, but also on the land, away from a rain - from Rakhaynsky mountains. Rainfall gradually decreases by the North while in a dry zone of the region it makes from only 20 to 40 inches (500-1000 mm) a year. Plateau Shanya, because of its eminence, usually receives from 75 to 80 inches (1900 and 2000 mm) annually.
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