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(Republic of Austria)
The capital — Vienna. A state language — German.
Austria — one of the richest countries of the world. GDP per capita about 46 330 US dollars (in 2012). Monetary unit — Euro (EUR).
Is on the continent of Europe, Austria occupies 82 445 square kilometers of the earth and 1 426 square kilometers of water that does it by the country, the 114th in size, in the world with a total area of 83 871 sq.km.
Austria was founded as the separate and original nation in 1282. The population of Austria makes 8 219 743 (2012), and the population of the country is made by the 100th people per square kilometer.
In prehistoric times the Central European earth which is Austria now was occupied in dorimsky times by various tribes, including Celts. After fall of the Roman Empire which part was Austria this area was occupied by Bavarians and Slavic Avars. Charles the Great won the area in 788 and encouraged colonization and Christianity. In 1252 оттокарь, the tsar of Bohemia, seized the power, only lost territories for Rudolf Gabsburgov in 1278. After that, before World War I, history of Austria was generally that that belonged to his ruling house of Gabsburgov. Austria left the Vienna congress in 1815 as the dominating power of the continent. Augleich provided 1867 double sovereignty, Austria and the kingdom of Hungary under the leadership of Franz Joseph I who governed to the death on November 21, 1916. The power of the Austrian-Hungarian minority of this extremely various empire which including German, Czech, Romanian, Serbian and many other countries, it became more difficult during an era of new nationalist movements. When the archduke Francis Ferdinand was killed by the Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo in 1914, World War I and also destruction of the Austro-Hungarian empire began.
During World War I Austria-Hungary was one of the central powers with Germany, Bulgaria and Turkey, and the conflict left the country in political chaos and economic death. Austria deprived of Hungary was announced by the republic in 1918, and the monarchy was dismissed in 1919. The constitution was created on November 10, 1920 parliamentary democracy. To check the power of the Nazis playing for the union with Germany, the chancellor Engelbert Dolfuss in 1933 established dictatorship, but on July 25, 1934 he was killed by Nazis. Curt von Schuschnigg, his successor, very much tried to save independence of Austria, but on March 12, 1938 the German troops occupied the country, and Hitler proclaimed its Anschluss (union) with Germany attaching it to the Third Reich.
Currency of Austria is euro (EUR). Besides, the people of Austria are called the Austrian.
Code for set for the country - 43, and the domain of the top level for the Austrian websites - .at.
Austria divides overland borders with 8 countries: Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia, Liechtenstein, Germany, Italy, Switzerland.
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