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(Republic of Uzbekistan)
Capital: Tashkent (Тошкент)
Flag: horizontal strips of blue (top), white and green color are divided by narrow red strips; a white half moon and twelve stars on a blue strip.
Anthem: there are no data
MONETARY BLOCK: The som (catfish) is the official currency entered when Uzbekistan left a ruble zone in November, 1993. Som1 = $0,00090 (or 1 dollar = 1,111,17 US dollars) as of 2005.
SCALES AND MEASURES: the metric system is used.
HOLIDAYS: Independence Day, on September 1.
TIME: 17:00 - 12:00.
ARRANGEMENT, SIZE AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Uzbekistan is located in Central Asia bordering on the Aral Sea between Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. Rather, it is a little more, than the State of California, with a total area of 447 400 sq.km (172 742 quarter. Miles). Uzbekistan divides borders with Kazakhstan across Russia, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in Afghanistan, to Afghanistan and Turkmenistan in the southwest. Length of border of Uzbekistan is 6 221 km (3886 miles). Its capital, Tashkent, is located in east part of the country.
Uzbekistan consists generally of the flat cattle sandy desert with dunes. The Fergana Valley is located in the east, surrounded with Mountains Tien Shan in Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. The Alay mountains lie in the extreme southeast. The highest point in the country - Adelyunga of the Toga, at the height of 4301 meter (14 111 feet). The lowest point - Sarikarnish Kuli which falls up to 12 meters (39 feet) below sea-level. The country is located in seismically active area along the Euroasian tectonic plate that leads to frequent earthquakes.
The desert Kyzyl Kum covers the most part of the territory of the country. Having the area about 297 850 square kilometers (115 000 square miles), it is the biggest desert region in Central Asia and the ninth in size in the world. In the northwest the Aral Sea shares with Kazakhstan. The area of a covering is about 64 500 square kilometers (24 900 square miles), this biggest lake in the country and the lake, the fourth in size, in the world. The longest river in the country - Amu Darya which has the total length of 2540 kilometers (1580 miles) only a part of which passes through Uzbekistan.
Climate - the middle-latitude climatic desert. In the summer temperature fluctuates from 26 ° up to 32 °C (79 ° to 90 ° feet), and in the desert much higher figures. Average winter temperature is from -6 ° up to 2 °C (21 ° up to 36 °F). In the country there aren't enough rainfall. The best watered areas receive only about 30 cm (12 inches) a year.
FLORA AND FAUNA
The ecological damage left the most part of the country of the deprived life of animals. Bird species include a set of wobblers, eagles, owls, buzzards, herons, ducks and larks. Mammals include wolves, an elk, hedgehogs, proteins and caress. Leopards and wild cats can be found in some forest areas. As of 2002 there were not less than 97 species of mammals, 203 bird species and more than 4800 species of plants through the whole country.
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