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(Republic of Kazakhstan)
Capital: Astana (earlier Akmola, Tselinograd)
FLAG: Blue with the yellow sun and the growing eagle in the center and a yellow vertical ornament in the elevator.
ANTHEM: National anthem of Kazakhstan.
MONETARY GROUP: the tenge (t) which is released on November 15, 1993 is the national currency replacing ruble (r). There is a coin, theine. Hundred secrets equal to one tenge. t1 = $0,00749 (or $1 = t133,44, since 2005), but exchange rates fluctuate widely.
WEIGHT AND MEASURES: The metric system works.
HOLIDAYS: New year, on December 31 - on January 1; International Women's Day, on March 8; Nauryz (Kazan New year), on March 28; Day of solidarity, on May 1; Victory Day, on May 9; Independence Day, on October 25.
TIME: 17:00 - 12:00.
ARRANGEMENT, SIZE AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Kazakhstan is located in the southern Asia between Russia and Uzbekistan, borders on the Caspian Sea and the Aral Sea, with a total area of 2 717 300 sq.km (1 049 155 quarter. Miles). Kazakhstan divides borders with Russia across Russia and China, in China, in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan in the South and in the Caspian Sea. Length of border of Kazakhstan is 12 012 km (7,464 miles). Its capital, Astana, is located in the North central part of the country.
The relief of Kazakhstan is various. In the northeast three mountain regions, Altai Krai, Tien Shan in the southeast and the Ural Mountains in the northwest are located. In the center of the country extensive deserts and the steppe (droughty grassy plains) are located. The most part of the country - the desert, the semi-desert or the steppe.
The highest point in the country - Hang Tanggiri Shyngi, peak on 6398 m (20,991 foot) in Tien Shan. The lowest point - Vpadina Kaundy which is located in the southwest region known as the Karadzhiysky hollow and falls up to 132 m (433 feet) below sea-level. Serious earthquakes periodically arise in seismically active area along Tien Shan.
The Irtysh River, near northeast border, is the longest river passing through Kazakhstan. It has length of 4441 km (2760 m). Two of the world's largest lakes divide Kazakhstan: The Caspian Sea (the biggest lake in the world) and the Aral Sea (the fourth in size in the world). The largest internal lake within the country is Lake Balkhash with an area of 18 200 sq.km (7 300 quarter. Miles). It is the fifteenth in size in the world.
The country has droughty continental climate. In January average temperature is -5 °C (23 °F). Average draft is 25 cm (9,8 inches) and 38 cm (15 inches). Because of the wide range of heights in the country there are big fluctuations of temperature and an amount of precipitation.
FLORA AND FAUNA
The rare plant covering the desert consists of solyankas, a wormwood, an alkhaga and the galoksilon characteristic of the southern desert. The woods, especially in mountainous areas, include a cedar, a larch, a fir-tree and a juniper. The animals who were born in the country include an antelope, a snow leopard, a capricorn, a sandy cat and a jerboa.
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